2.4 Kind of Questions in Reading Comprehension
According to Loughed and TOEFL Information Bulletin in Djiwandono (2002:97), usually the questions in reading comprehension tests are about:
- Main idea
- Supporting details
- Inferring meaning
- Passage structure
- Author’s aim
- Knowledge about certain vocabulary
- Defining vocabulary based on the context
In this study, the writer only concerns on main ideas and supporting details, because two kinds of reading comprehension test above are most important specific comprehension skills.
a. Main Ideas
The question about main idea asks the reader to determine the main idea or topic from a reading text, and commonly it is signed by words such as: main point; mainly discussed; main idea; best title; main purpose; mainly concerned; main topic.
Here are some examples of questions to ask about main idea:
– What is the main idea of the passage?
– With which of the following is the passage mainly concerned?
– What is the main part of the passage?
– Which of the following would be the best title?
(Djiwandono, 2002 : 98)
b. Supporting Details
The question about supporting details asks the reader to find detail information that is printed explicitly in the text. It is commonly signed by words such as: according to the author…; according to the passage…; who, what, when, where, why, how, which.
Here are some examples of questions to ask about supporting details:
– Which of the following question does the passage answer?
– According to the passage, which statement is true?
– When did ‘something’ happen?
– Who did ‘something’?
2.5 The Differences between Male and Female in Learning Attitudes and Reading Habit
2.11.1 Learning Attitudes
All the human brain works for the same purpose. But, there is a difference in the way of working between the male’s brain and the female has. It is because there is a difference on the density of cells of nerve or the neuron between the male’s and female’s brain.
Moreover, female speaks clever, reads and occasionally has interference experience on learn than male. This fact is guessed by the scientist relating to female’s ability in using both of her hemispheres, left and right, in reading and doing verbal activity. Meanwhile, male only uses his one of his hemisphere that is usually the left.
Abdul Chaer (2002: 134) said, “the adult women are more energetic in case of verbal because they use their left and right brain jointly”. This statement support the fact that female has better development of linguistics ability compared to male.
The attitudes on reading give influence on the linguistics ability. According to Callaghan in an article of Editorial Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan no 37 (2002: 34), there is a little influence on the performance and linguistics ability given by the women’s superiorities linguistics.
2.11.2 Reading Habit
Attitudes toward reading will influence the male and female linguistics ability. For examples male likes talking spontaneously and has courage to do that. Meanwhile, female, though talkative, is not firm in making decision. But, the female could see the cases that male could not see. It is because male has problem in reading and writing has problems in reading and writing. Supported by Maubach and Morgan in article of Editorial Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan (2002: 472) says, “Men have more problems on reading and writing field.”
Haris in the article of Editorial Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan (2002: 471), “Men choose the factual information and only look for the definite information that they want than read from start to finish.”